In 1982 Fuller professor of Church Growth, Dr. C. Peter Wagner was talking with John Wimber, pastor and founder of the Vineyard Association of churches. They decided to co-teach a class on Signs, Wonders and Church Growth. A Doctorate candidate described what happened in the class,
"He (Wimber) comes to class and after 2-3 hours of lectures, he says, 'Relax. Don't close your ears. Don't get religious. But see what God is doing.' And, in a few minutes the Holy Spirit starts working. Psychology students, theology students - they all come under the power of God and they start shaking. I have never seen such genuine shaking in all my life. And some of them come under the power of God - they fall down without anybody pushing them and they are slain in the Spirit, they speak in tongues, people are getting healed and I have never seen so many manifestations of the word of knowledge and the word of wisdom as I saw in Fuller Seminary last year."
Dr. Wagner began to see several Charismatic-type revivals around the world, especially in South America. He was intrigued at how many people would accept Christ after they had been healed of physical diseases and delivered of demons. Wagner was the one who coined the term "Third Wave." He saw the first Pentecostal "wave" at the beginning of the 20th century with the Azusa and Welsh revivals. The second "wave" was the Charismatic Renewal of the 60's and early 70's. Now, this Vineyard-type wave he termed the third one. This wave, however, had elements of the Latter Rain teaching with its Manifest Sons of God and Kingdom Now theology which was and still is disturbing to many even in the historic Pentecostal and Charismatic movements.
In the 1980's the Kansas City prophets began to reintroduce this Latter Rain doctrine. In htis teaching Pentecost was the "former rain" or outpouring of the Holy Spirit and the Church must yet receive a second Holy Spirit visitation. At this time, the Sons of God will be glorified and manifested to all as they establish the Kingdom on earth before Jesus Christ returns bodily. Latter Rain prophets are now preparing multitudes for this transformation.
In the early 1980s, Carlos Annacondia, a businessman turned evangelist, began to hold crusades in which unusual signs and wonders, healings (including filling of teeth) and deliverances were occurring. Thousands of people accepted Christ. As a result there was a massive church growth in evangelical churches. A hallmark of this revival was an emphasis on worship and praise. God's presence descended as the people immersed themselves in adoring Him. Some people wept throughout an entire service; others rejoiced with laughter. Many were led to deep repentance, both pastors and congregation.
In 1992, a second wave of revival began with Claudio Freidzon, founder of a Buenos Aires church. During his services, as people entered into adoration and worship, some became drunk in the Spirit and could not stand up. Some had to be taken home by others because they could not drive or walk on their own. Others laughed in the Spirit or fell under the power of God. The services were very long (4-5 hours), many miraculous healings were reported.
The third annual Harvest Evangelism International Institute was held in Buenos Aires, Argentina on November 4-13, 1993. In addition to John and Carol Arnott, about 100 others from North America attended, including C. Peter Wagner and Cindy Jacobs. All of these people were completely "drunken" in the Spirit at certain times during the conference. Most of the evenings involved attending Hector Giminez's church, where Claudio Friedzon was ministering.
C. Peter Wagner wrote,
"Like a burning, dry tinder, the Spirit of God has ignited an extraordinary spiritual bonfire in Argentina over the last ten years. From the southern tip of Tierra del Fuego (Land of Fire) to breathtaking Iguazu Falls in the northeast, the flames of revival have blazed through Argentina and beyond, making the country one of the flashpoints of church growth in the world today....Argentine evangelist Carlos Annacondia began his crusade ministry in 1982, the year of Argentina's defeat in the Malvinas, just as the Spirit of God began to spark spiritual renewal. Since then, over a million and a half people have made public commitments to Christ during the course of Annacondia's ministry. Hector Giminez was a drug addicted criminal when God called him into the Kingdom. He began ministering to troubled youth; and within a year, was leading a congregation of 1,000.Since 1986 his church in downtown Buenos Aires.
Randy Clark pastor of the St. Louis, MO Vineyard, attended a meeting in Tulsa, Oklahoma led by Rodney-Howard Browne. It was there that Clark received the impartation from Howard-Browne.
Afterwards, John Arnott, pastor of the Toronto Airport Vineyard church, invited Clark to minister in his church. These meetings began on January 20, 1994. What happened with the Argentine meetings happened in Toronto-- Holy Spirit conviction; people falling on the floor, laughing, drunk in the "Spirit," some sounding like animals, jerking, and so forth.
In the CHRISTIAN WEEK, a newspaper published bi-weekly in Winnipeg, Manitoba, it was reported that,
"Since the outbreak of joy began in mid-January, the Airport Vineyard has been holding services six nights a week, some in rented facilities to accommodate crowds of up to a thousand people. In mid-February they reported a nightly average attendance of 800....The phenomenon has spread throughout southern Ontario and more meetings were being held in cities including Cambridge (a reported average nightly attendance of 600), Stratford (300), Barrie (250) and Hamilton (250)."
Holy Trinity Brompton
One of the first and most highly publicized "hotspots" for the awakening in England was an Anglican Church, Holy Trinity Brompton (HTB), in London. At about 11:30 a.m. on May 24, 1994, Eleanor Mumford, assistant pastor of the South-West London Vineyard and wife of John Mumford (pastor of South-West London Vineyard and overseer of the Vineyard Churches in Britain) met with a group of friends, many of whom were leaders of other churches, to describe her recent visit to the Toronto Airport Vineyard.
The church leaders invited Eleanor Mumford to preach at Holy Trinity Brompton that Sunday, May 29, at both the morning and evening services. After both talks, she asked the Holy Spirit to come.
Wallace Boulton writes,
"There was a time of silence. Then slowly, members of the congregation began to cry quietly, and some to laugh. As the Holy Spirit came, Eleanor asked people to come forward if they wanted prayer. Many did so. As Eleanor's team and members of the church ministry team started to pray, people began to fall in the power of the Spirit. Soon the whole church was affected. There were scenes that few had ever seen before. The children arrived from their own groups and may of them were deeply touched and began praying for each other. People lingered for a long time after each service."
In 1995, Evangelist Stephen Hill read an article in Time magazine about the move of God in Holy Trinity Brompton Anglican church in London . He arranged for a meeting at three o'clock on January 19 with Pastor Sandy Miller of this church to see what was going on. Over 500 people were shaking and laying on the floor under the power of God when Hill arrived. Instead of having the appointment, Hill asked Miller to lay hands on him. He received a new impartation from Miller's prayer.
On Father's Day, June 18, 1995, evangelist Hill spoke at Brownsville Assembly of God, just outside of Pensacola, Florida. Although he was planning to be there for only one day, the power of God fell. The morning service that Fathers Day began with singing and a sermon by Hill entitled "How to get the Lord's attention." When he asked those who wanted to be saved to come up to altar, many moved from their seats. It was then that the physical manifestations of God began. The pastor, John Kilpatrick, fell out under the power of God for a period of about 48 hours.
From one participant,
"We all felt the power of God increase every night that we were there. We stayed each night 'til about 2:00 in the morning, and at that hour there was still about 1000 people standing, sitting, laying around the altar! Even on the week nights! And the evangelist and prayer ministry teams kept praying for people right on into the morning hours. They asked all first-time visitors to raise their hands each night - and there were probably several hundred first timers every night. They estimate that over 10,000 people have attended during the first 2 weeks, and that over 3,000 have been saved, either in the meetings, or as a result of people going out from the meetings and leading someone to the Lord."
I kept seeing one name crop up over and over as to impartations to many of the pastors whose churches experienced this outpouring-- Rodney Howard-Browne.
In July of 1979, at eighteen years of age, Rodney M. Howard-Browne of Port Elizabeth, South Africa, reached a crossroads in his life. Over a period of several months, an increasing spiritual hunger had been developing within him, and while at an interdenominational prayer meeting with about eighteen young people at this time, he cried out to the Lord, "God, either you come down here tonight and touch me, or I'm going to die and come up there and touch you." He began shouting, frightening nearly everyone who was present. He shouted for twenty minutes, "God, I want your fire." Describing this incident at his camp meeting fifteen years later (July 18, 1994), he said it was as though all of a sudden somebody had taken gasoline and put a lighted match to it. The fire of God fell upon Him instantaneously, and he was immersed in the liquid fire of the Holy Spirit. He became completely inebriated in the Holy Ghost. He was beside himself. Overflowing, he laughed uncontrollably. He went from laughter to weeping to tongues, back to laughter and weeping again. Four days later, the glory of God was still upon him, and by this time he was saying, "God, lift it. I can't bear it any more...Lord, I'm too young to die, don't kill me now." For a two-week period, he felt the presence of God.
His ministry is well-known for being "drunk in the Spirit." In fact, he calls himself the Holy Ghost bartender.
Many pastors have attended these key churches and obtained the impartation. Then when they went back to their churches, much of what has been described above happened in their churches too.
There has been much talk from these revival churches about great healings, conversions and changes in the areas around the churches.
However, conversely, many critics have pointed out lack of evidence in many cases of these healings and improvements. The critics are also concerned about the occultic, controlling nature of these revivals as well as the severe criticism and name-calling leveled at questioners.
As in any revival, time will help us sort it all out.
Steve Went Looking for Grace
9 hours ago